July 2019 Newsletter – A Look at Periodontal and Gum Disease

Happy July!

Can you believe that the year is already more than halfway over?! We sure can’t!

If you haven’t been able to come in for your cleaning yet, now is the time to do so.

Insurance companies normally cover 2 cleanings a year, so don’t lose those benefits!

Now is also a good time to make a dental plan for any dental work that you need done in order to maximize your benefits. If you have treatment pending or haven’t been in to see us yet this year, give our office a call and we can help you make your dental plan for 2019. Don’t wait until the last minute!

Now, let’s take a look at periodontal and gum disease!

Periodontal and Gum Disease

What is periodontal or gum disease?

Periodontal or gum disease is defined by inflammation of the gum and bone support surrounding the teeth. This disease begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and my end – if not treated properly – with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.

What can cause gum disease?

There are many factors that can cause gum disease, these factors include:

  1. Hormonal changes – such as pregnancy, puberty, menopause can make your gums more sensitive, which makes it easier for gingivitis to develop.
  2. Illnesses – such as cancer, HIV, diabetes
  3. Medications – certain medications lessen the flow of saliva and can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.  
  4. Bad habits – such as smoking can make it harder for gum tissue to repair itself
  5. Poor oral hygiene – not brushing and flossing daily makes it easier for gingivitis to develop
  6. Family history of dental disease – can contribute to the development of gingivitis

What are the symptoms of periodontal or gum disease?

  1. Gums that bleed during or after brushing your teeth
  2. Red, swollen or tender gums
  3. Persistent bad breath or bad taste in your mouth
  4. Receding gums
  5. Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
  6. Loose or shifting teeth
  7. Changes in the way teeth fit together upon biting down, or changes to the fit of partials

How is periodontal or gum disease treated?

The goals of gum disease treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth by reducing swelling, pocket depth, risk of infection and to stop disease progression. Treatment options depend on the stage of disease and how you may have responded to earlier treatments. Options range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues.

In conclusion, if you have any of these symptoms, please call our office for an evaluation. Catching periodontal or gum disease early is key!